The South Sudanese Civil War is a conflict that involves South Sudan’s government and rival forces. In 2013, Riek Machar, former deputy of South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir Mayardit, was accused of having attempted a coup d’état along with ten others, by the president himself. Denying these allegations, Machar fled and lead the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-Opposition (SPLM-IO), also known as the anti-governmental forces. Tensions grew between both forces, each loyal to one of these two men, plunging the country into this Civil War. Many “Compromise Peace Agreements” were signed over the years in order to attempt to remediate the situation, yet there is still conflict today and the Civil War continues.
Since the beginning of the feud, there are nearly 2.5 million refugees that have fled South Sudan, 7 million of them in dire need of humanitarian aid. Today, it is estimated that by the end of 2018 there will be over 3 million refugees fleeing the continuing war. If this estimation is deemed correct, the South Sudanese Civil War would be Africa’s largest refugee crisis to occur since the mid-1990’s.
Members of the UN, including Filippo Grandi (UN High Commissioner for Refugees) and Mark Lowcock (UN Emergency Relief Coordinator) are appealing $3.2 billion for further funding to be provided to refugees, $1.5 billion to support those whom have already fled into nearby countries and $1.7 billion for those that are being internally-displaced due to the conflict and undergoing a famine caused by these very events.
South Sudan is the World’s youngest country, so in Mr. Grandi’s words himself “They should be building the country, not fleeing it.”
This blog post was written by a CCLA-PBSC RightsWatch student. Views expressed do not necessarily reflect the views of the CCLA or PBSC.